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A dental drill is an essential tool in any dental practice. Also called dental handpiece or dental engine, these tools are used by your dentist, hygienist, dental specialist, or lab technician to perform many procedures concerning your oral health. Whatever dental procedure they are performing, from the most routine oral prophylaxis or dental cleaning consultation to a complicated endodontic, surgical, or restorative treatment,  it is highly likely that a dental drill will be required. While some dental handpieces are designed for a variety of uses, many specialised ones are suited only for specific procedures. This is why it is important to have the correct dental drill in your practice along with the other handpiece systems you need to provide quality dental services.


Uses of a dental drill or handpiece

Cleans the teeth

Do you remember what the dentist uses to clean your teeth during your oral prophylaxis appointment? The dental drill has specific bits or handpiece burrs that perform specific functions. Using compressed air or pressurized water, the dental drill removes plaque buildup or surface dirt that stains and clutters the exterior of the teeth.


dental drill burrsRemoves tooth decay

During your dental consultation, your dentist will most likely use a dental drill to remove damaged parts of the tooth so that dental procedures to repair and restore the function of your pearly whites can be performed. Dental drills are used for dental bonding, root canal treatment, and tooth extraction, among others.


Shapes the tooth prior to any dental procedure

As mentioned earlier, a dentist uses a dental drill to perform any dental procedure, and it all depends on the burrs and bits that are attached to the handpiece. Various shapes of burrs that include round, inverted cone, straight fissure, tapered fissure, and pear-shaped burrs are used to efficiently shape and form the tooth to prepare it for the dental procedure. These include veneer application, crown, dentures, or any restorative dental services.


Remove old dental fillings for replacement

For old and damaged dental fillings, it is imperative for the patient to seek dental consult so that further complication and infection can be prevented. Since the filling is broken and its seal that protects the internal parts of the tooth is compromised, replacement is inevitable and should be performed as soon as possible. Dentists use a dental drill to remove this hard filling material so that a new one can effectively substitute the old damaged ones.


dental handpieceDental drill: Different types available

There are different categories where you can choose what dental drill or handpiece you can choose. We, at Critical Dental, would want to let you in on what dental drills your dentists can use to perform the dental procedures that you need.


Based on power or turbine design

  • Air-driven handpiece. This type uses air turbine pressure to generate rotational motion of the dental drill.
  • Electric handpiece. It has a complete electric system inside the handpiece to control the rotational force of the drill.


Based on the rotational speed

  • Highspeed dental handpiece. This type can rotate up from 250,000 to 400,000 rpm
  • Lowspeed dental handpiece. This type has an inbuilt motor that can rotate up to 80,000 rpm


These handpiece categories can be combined to form a new handpiece that can perform a different part of your dental procedure. For instance, dentists can use a highspeed or low speed air-driven dental drill, air-driven surgical handpiece, and many more. We, at Critical Dental, would gladly welcome any inquiries that you may have and would be very willing to answer all your concerns to the best of our knowledge and ability.